Solar Energy: Integration of Photovoltaic Systems in Microgrids

Course 4 of 5: MicroMasters® Program in Solar Energy Engineering 9 weeks 10 - 11 hours per week recommended

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About this course:

Photovoltaic systems are often placed into a microgrid, a local electricity distribution system that is operated in a controlled way and includes both electricity users and renewable electricity generation. This course deals with DC and AC microgrids and covers a wide range of topics, from basic definitions, through modelling and control of AC and DC microgrids to the application of adaptive protection in microgrids. You will master various concepts related to microgrid technology and implementation, such as smart grid and virtual power plant, types of distribution network, markets, control strategies and components. Among the components special attention is given to operation and control of power electronics interfaces.

What You Will Learn:

  • Difference between a microgrid, a passive distribution grid and a virtual power plant
  • Ancillary services provided by microgrids and PV
  • Operation of centralized and decentralized control, forecasting, and evaluation of different market policies through a case study
  • Operation of active power control and voltage regulation
  • Different layouts and topologies of microgrids and power electronic components, and the role of power electronics converters in microgrids
  • Microgrid protection, adaptive protection, and the consequences of using a fault current source and fault current limitation
  • Main motivations and challenges for the implementation of DC microgrids
  • Verified learners will have the added benefit of evaluating different strategies to control multiple inverters and to analyze local control to improve stability.


  • Bachelor’s degree in Science or Engineering and/or the successful completion of PV1xPV2xand PV3x (or firm grasp of their content).
  • In order to carry out the assignments in the course, you will need to install a free software which requires a 64-bit computer, 4 GB ram and 5-6 GB of hard-drive space.
  • Operating systems supported: Window 7 or newer, OSX 10.10 (Yosemite) or newer, Ubuntu 14.04 or 16.04.

Meet Your Instructors:

Seyedmahdi Izadkhast

Postdoctoral fellow researcher, DC Systems, Energy Conversion and Storage at TU Delft
Seyedmahdi Izadkhast received PhD degrees within SETS doctorate from Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands; Comillas Pontifical University, Spain; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. Since January 2016, Dr. S. Izadkhast has been working as a postdoctoral research fellow with DC Systems, Energy Conversion and Storage (DCE&S) at the Delft University of Technology, where he is also the lecturer of "AC & DC Microgrids" course, and OnlineSolar and instructor/project leader of "Systems Engineering" course. Moreover, he has been involved in numerous international research projects like GRID4EU, NICE GRID, CSGriP, and DCSMART ERA-Net SG+.

Laura Ramirez

Assistant Professor of Energy Conversion at TU Delft
Laura Ramirez is an Assistant Professor of Energy Conversion with the Department of Electrical Sustainable Energy of Delft University of Technology and DC Systems, Energy Conversion and Storage group (Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science). In 2003, she earned her Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering and her Bachelor’s degree in Music with a major in Piano at the Universidad de Costa Rica (but she cannot improvise). She graduated with honors from her M.Sc. studies in Electrical Power Engineering at Delft University of Technology in 2007. Laura worked on her PhD project from September 2007 to December 2011. In 2013, she was awarded with the Erasmus Energy Science Award.

Pavol Bauer

Full Professor, Department of Electrical Sustainable Energy at TU Delft
Pavol Bauer is a full Professor in the Department of Electrical Sustainable Energy of Delft University of Technology and head of DC Systems, Energy Conversion and Storage group. He earned his Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering at the Technical University of Kosice (‘85) and Ph.D. from Delft University of Technology (’95). He has worked on many projects for industry, focusing on solar wind and wave energy, power electronic applications for power systems and electric mobility. He is a Senior Member of the IEEE (’97), former chairman of Benelux IEEE Joint Industry Applications Society, Power Electronics and Power Engineering Society chapter, chairman of the Power Electronics and Motion Control (PEMC) council, member of the Executive Committee of European Power Electronics Association (EPE).

Experience Level


Learning Partner

Delft University of Technology



Program Type



Electronics Engineering Physics